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Dirgelwch Dewi Emrys

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dewi emosSUT DDYN oedd y bardd Dewi Emrys Yr oedd y cwestiwn Gofynnwyd gan y ddrama Dewi Emrys: Cythraul yr Awen ddydd Sul diwethaf ar S4C. Yr oedd y cwestiwn Gofynnwyd gan y ddrama Dewi Emrys: Cythraul yr Awen ddydd Sul diwethaf ar S4C. Mewn rhifyn arbennig o Pethe ar ddydd Mawrth, edrychodd Twm Morys i mewn i leoliad y barddol yn cadeirio enillodd Dewi Emrys 

Galwodd Dewi Emrys (1881- 1952) ei gymeriad yn ‘gerddorfa o gymhlethdod’, ac yn Dewi Emrys: Cythraul yr Awen byddwn yn gweld pam roedd bywyd Dewi mor helbulus. Bydd cyfraniadau gan rai oedd yn adnabod Dewi a chawn glywed eu hargraffiadau nhw o’r bardd oedd yn dod o Gei Newydd yn wreiddiol, ond a symudodd i Sir Benfro pan oedd yn saith oed. Aeth i’r ysgol ym Mhencaer ac Ysgol Ramadeg Jenkins Abergwaun cyn mynd fel prentis newyddiadurwr a chysodwr ar y County Echo yn y dre honno. Ar ôl marwolaeth ei dad, symudodd y teulu i Gaerfyrddin ac aeth Dewi i weithio ar y Carmarthen Journal. Yn1903, fodd bynnag, aeth i Goleg Presbyteraidd a dilyn llwybr ei dad i’r weinidogaeth. Ar ôl y Rhyfel Mawr, ceisiodd Dewi wneud bywoliaeth o’i newyddiaduriaeth drachefn. Er iddo werthu sawl darn i olygyddion Stryd y Fflyd, aeth pethau o chwith iddo, a threuliodd sawl noson dan y sêr ar lannau Tafwys. Cefnodd Cymry Llundain arno, y cyn-bregethwr a oedd erbyn hyn i’w weld yn canu y tu allan i’r eglwysi, a’i gap yn ei ddwylo. Yn 1926, fodd bynnag, daeth tro ar fyd i Dewi, pan enillodd y Goron yn Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Abertawe gyda chasgliad o gerddi Rhigymau’r Ffordd Fawr. Yn yr un Eisteddfod, enillodd ar gystadleuaeth Darn o Farddoniaeth mewn tafodiaith gyda’r gerdd a fyddai’n dod yn un o’i weithiau mwya adnabyddus, “Pwllderi”. Yn sgil ei lwyddiant, daeth ei wraig i chwilio amdano yn Abertawe, gan fod Dewi heb dalu tuag at gynnal ei deulu ers blynyddoedd. Fel canlyniad bu rhaid i Ddewi roi’r arian a enillwyd yn yr Eisteddfod i Cissie, casglu mwy gan ei ffrindiau, a hyd yn oed rhoi ei goron newydd mewn pawn shop yn Abertawe. Aeth Dewi Emrys ymlaen i ennill y Gadair yn y Genedlaethol bedair gwaith, yn Lerpwl, 1929 (“Dafydd ap Gwilym”), Llanelli, 1930 (“Y Galilead”), Bangor, 1943 (“Cymylau amser”), a Phen-y-bont ar Ogwr 1948, (“Yr alltud”). Mae sawl Cymro wedi galw’r bardd Dewi Emrys yn arwr ac yn gymeriad rhamantaidd. Ond roedd yn gymeriad dadleuol yn ei gyfnod, ac yn dadlau â sawl un. Ond meddai Emyr Llew am Dewi, “Fe oedd gelyn mwyaf ei hunan.” Un person oedd yn adnabod Dewi orau, oedd ei ferch Dwynwen. Mae Dwynwen bellach wedi newid ei henw i Nina Watkins, ac yn byw yn Ne Lloegr. Dywed fod ei magwraeth wedi bod yn gyfnod anodd iddi hi. “Roedd e’n amser trawmatig iawn i mi, a chefais nifer o brofiadau negyddol.” Dyma’r tro cyntaf i Nina Watkins siarad yn agored am ei thad, ac mae’r hyn mae hi’n ei ddweud yn gwrthddweud y fytholeg ramantaidd am Dewi. Cafodd fywyd lliwgar iawn, treuliodd gyfnod fel gweinidog ac fel cardotyn ar hyd strydoedd Llundain, ac roedd yn ferchetwr o fri. Ond yn ôl Nina, “Doedd e ddim yn dad da iawn.” Mae Dewi Emrys: Cythraul yr Awen yn dramateiddio perthynas Dewi gyda dwy fenyw oedd wedi dylanwadu’n enfawr ar Dewi. Y ddwy oedd Dilys Cadwaladr, mam Nina; ac Eluned Phillips, cyfaill Dewi. Bydd Sharon Morgan yn actio Eluned Phillips, a Judith Humphreys yn chwarae Dilys Cadwaladr. Profiad arbennig i Judith Humphreys oedd actio Dilys Cadwaladr, disgrifia Judith, sydd yn byw ym Mhenygroes yn Nyffryn Nantlle, fywyd a phersonoliaeth Dilys fel un “cymleth.” Dywed Judith iddi hi fwyhau dysgu am elfennau o’r cyfnod, ac am hanes bywyd Dilys a Dewi; “Roedd hi’n gyfle gwych i mi ddysgu am hanes y cyfnod, a hanes bardd mawr o’r cyfnod. Roedd hi’n braf i gael perpectif merch ar y cyfan, ac roedd Dilys yn ferch ddeallus, a chlyfar. Roedd hi hefyd yn fraint i gael y cyfle i bortreadu person oedd a sawl elfen i’w phersonoliaeth. Roedd hi’n berson sensitif, trist, dyrys a chymleth.” Roedd Dilys hefyd yn fardd, a hi oedd y ferch gyntaf i ennill y gadair yn Eisteddfod Genedlaethol y Rhyl yn 1953. Ond roedd ei pherthynas hi a Dewi hefyd yn un cymleth yn ôl Judith; “Roedden nhw’n byw yn dlawd iawn. Roedd Dewi yn berson bregus, ac roedd hi eisiau ei achub o, ac edrych ar ei ôl o, a’i helpu gyda’i ansicrwydd . Roedd hi yn edmygu ei allu a’i ddoniau yn fawr.” Roedd Eluned Phillips hefyd wedi gwirioni ar Dewi Emrys yn ôl Sharon Morgan, sy’n portreadu Eluned yn Dewi Emrys: Cythraul yr Awen. “Dwi’n meddwl ei bod hi a Dewi yn gymeriadau tebyg, fel sgwennwyr a hefyd dau o’dd yn casau culni a rhagfarn y ‘sefydliad. Dwi’n meddwl ei bod hi’n ei edmygu fe fel merch ifanc yr adeg, wedi gwirioni ar y rebel ynddo, ond yna nes ymlaen dwi’n meddwl bod ei perthynas yn fwy cydradd. Dwi ddim yn meddwl ei bod hi’n berthynas rhywiol ar unryw adeg” dywed Sharon. Ond roedd portreadu Eluned Phillips, enillodd y goron ddwy waith un waith yn Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Bala yn 1967 ac Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Llangefni 1983, yn her yn ôl Sharon Morgan “O’dd e’n her ac yn fraint ymgeisio i bortreadu person goiawn, bydd amryw yn cofio, o’dd yn gymeriad mor unigryw, a hefyd mewn cyfnod penodol, sef y 70au.” Bydd y bardd Twm Morys, yn clywed bod Dewi Emrys yn un o ddau fardd i ennill pedair cadair yn yr Eisteddfod, Dyfed oedd y bardd arall. Oherwydd ei lwyddiant ysgytwol ef, penderfynodd yr Eisteddfod newid y rheol, a dim ond dwy gadair gall prifeirdd Cymru eu hennill bellach. Ond er i Dewi ennill y nifer fwyaf o gadeiriau, ef hefyd oedd y bardd a gollodd y fwyaf o gadeiriau. “Un go flêr oedd Dewi Emrys yn methu dal gafael ar swydd na chartref yn hir, yn cysgu weithiau mewn clawdd ar stryd, ac mi werthodd yr unig goron Eisteddfod yr enillodd o er mwyn talu ei ddyledion” dywed Twm Morys. Yn Eisteddfod Llanelli 1930, enillodd Dewi Emrys gadair yr ŵyl am ei bryddest ‘Y Galilead’. Ond yn gynnar wedi ei fuddugoliaeth aeth y gadair hon ar goll. Ac mae’r un yn wir am gadeiriau ei awdlau buddugol yn Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Lerpwl (1929), Bangor (1943) a Phen-y-bont ar Ogwr (1948). Bydd taith Twm Morys a’r Cadeiriau Coll yn ei arwain ar hyd Cymru a thu hwnt. O dafarn i ysbyty, o gastell i neuadd ddinesig, aiff ar drywydd cadeiriau Dewi Emrys a nifer o feirdd eraill. Bu farw yn Aberystwyth ym mis Medi, 1952, a chafodd ei gladdu ym mynwent Capel Pisgah, ar bwys Talgarreg. Dywedodd ei gyfaill, y Prifardd T. Llew Jones am yr achlysur: “Bu farw Dewi Emrys yn ysbyty Aberystwyth ar Fedi’r 20fed 1952 a chladdwyd ef ym mynwent Pisgah, Talgarreg. Ychydig iawn o bobl a welodd yn dda i ddod i’r angladd. Yn wir, roedd y capel yn hanner gwag.” Mae cofeb i hyn mwyaf cythryblus o feirdd yn sefyll ar Pwllderi, o ba le y cymerodd ei ysbrydoliaeth mwyaf

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Green Party call for free bus services

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COUNCILS and political parties in Ceredigion are being urged to unite in a radical initiative to help counter the climate emergency by making the county the first in Britain to offer completely free – and more frequent – bus services.

Backers of the Ceredigion Green Party plan say it would slash carbon emissions and cut air-pollution by drastically reducing the number of cars on Ceredigion’s roads, while stimulating efforts to create a greener economy by making it free, and easy, for workers – especially the lower-paid – to get to and from jobs.

The scheme would follow the example of Dunkirk in northern France, where, a year after public transport was made free, a study has found 85 per cent of residents now use the region’s ticketless buses. Car parks have emptied, and poorer residents say it’s now easier to socialise and take advantage of entertainment and cultural activities. The region has a fleet of environment-friendly express buses running every 10 minutes throughout the day.

Greens want the county council to coordinate efforts to investigate sources of funding for the scheme, which it believes could be a pilot project for other counties.

Green Party election candidate Chris Simpson said:

“Climate emergency declarations by governments and councils often don’t go much beyond words. But here’s a way to make a real difference, and at the same time show that we recognise that efforts to lessen the effects of climate-breakdown, and to stop damage to biodiversity, will mean big changes in the ways our society functions.

“However, the beauty of this scheme is that it doesn’t make things harder but improves our quality of life. The experience of the T-buses in Ceredigion, which are free at weekends, shows how well-used buses are when there’s no charge. Make them free all the time, and frequent, and their popularity will soar, bringing so many climatic, social and economic gains.”

Funding, the party suggests, would come from central and local government and perhaps a levy on other public bodies and companies with substantial numbers of employees.

Dunkirk took its inspiration from Tallinn, Estonia, where public transport is free, and Luxembourg, where bus, train and tram fares are being scrapped as part of an environmental push.

At the same time, Greens are demanding HS2 be abandoned in favour of “a local transport revolution”, warning the planned £88 billion rail line would destroy dozens of ancient woodlands and biodiversity and take, by HS2’s own admission, 120 years to become carbon-neutral. Instead, the party wants decarbonisation focused on electrification of existing lines.

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Conservative Candidate highlights concerns over large-scale wind farms

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EARLIER this year, the Welsh Government published its Draft National Development Framework (NDF) setting the direction for development in Wales. Within the NDF there is a section dedicated to ‘Energy’ development.

The Welsh Government are proposing “large scale wind and solar development to be directed towards Priority Areas for Wind and Solar Energy”.

Over a dozen areas have been identified throughout Wales and two of these priority areas cover large sections of Ceredigion.

According to the document, there will be a presumption in favour of “large scale on-shore wind and solar energy development in these areas, and an acceptance of landscape change.”

Amanda Jenner told The Ceredigion Herald: “Like many people, I’m passionate about protecting our environment and I fully recognise the importance of tackling climate change. However, I am seriously concerned about the huge pylons that could be needed to connect the electricity to the grid. These proposals do not consider the impact on the tourism sector!”

“Tourism is highly important to Ceredigion’s economy and it includes many agricultural businesses that have diversified into this sector, a trend that is likely to continue. The Labour run Welsh Government must consider how large-scale energy developments will impact Ceredigion’s tourism industry.”

Decisions on large-scale energy developments will not be made under the usual Local Authority Planning processes. Rather, Welsh Government Ministers in Cardiff will decide whether to approve such developments, under the Developments of National Significance process.

Amanda further added: “The top down nature of these proposals is worrying! The fact that tourism hasn’t been fully taken into account nor the disruption of large areas of peat, which may be hugely important to the ecology of an area, shows just how far removed the Labour run Welsh Government are from us.”

“The considerable additional powers which Welsh Labour Ministers are accruing for themselves, undermine local democracy. At the very least, despite being decided by Ministers in Cardiff, the Welsh Government must ensure thorough local community engagement and consultation. It is essential that there is a clear process and communities must be given ample notice of planning applications, in order to assess the wider implications and impacts on their communities.”

The Conservative Candidate has urged the Labour run Welsh Government to follow the example of the Conservative Government in Westminster and to launch a review in to the impact of wind farms.

Amanda said: “I urge the labour run Welsh Government in Cardiff to follow this sensible decision by the Conservative Government and to launch a similar review in Wales”.

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New plaque unveiled at Cardigan War Memorial to honour three fallen soldiers from Cardigan

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A NEW plaque was unveiled at Cardigan War Memorial to honour three fallen soldiers from Cardigan. The plaque was unveiled during a public Commemoration and Dedication Service on 12 October.

The plaque commemorates Michael J. Dunphy who gave his life in the 1982 Falklands War and Lee T. Davies and David M.E. Greenhalgh who gave their lives in the 2001-2015 conflict in Afghanistan. The plaque was unveiled by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant of Dyfed, Miss Sara Edwards.

Councillor Paul Hinge is Ceredigion County Council’s Armed Forces Champion. He said: “It was an honour and privilege to welcome everyone to the Service of Commemoration and Dedication, not only as a son of Cardigan, but as a veteran myself and Ceredigion County Council’s Armed Forces Champion.

“The three fallen soldiers of Cardigan, Michael Dunphy, Lee Davies and Dave Greenhalgh paid the ultimate sacrifice and their names are now immortalised on Cardigan War Memorial honouring their sacrifice.

“It was a privilege to work with all stakeholders involved in planning the day including the families, regiments, Cardigan Town Council and Ceredigion County Council officers. We were delighted with the strong attendance on Saturday which was a testament to how important this Commemoration is to all concerned. It was a fitting tribute to the fallen soldiers of Cardigan.”

 

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